Upland, Pennsylvania: A Delightful Town

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If you are thinking about Chaco Canyon National Monument (New Mexico, USA), are you able to take a trip there from Upland, PA? Based on use of similar buildings by contemporary Puebloan peoples, these rooms were most likely community places for rites and gatherings, with a fire pit in the middle and entrance to the chamber supplied by a ladder extending through a smoke hole in the ceiling. Although not integrated into a large home complex, oversized kivas, or "great kivas," could accommodate hundreds of people and typically served as a center area for surrounding communities comprised of (relatively) tiny dwellings. Chacoans built gigantic walls employing a variation of the "core-and-veneer" method to sustain multi-story great house structures, which housed chambers with far larger floor areas and ceiling heights than pre-existing homes. The core was made by an core that is inner of sandstone held together with mud mortar, to which slimmer facing stones were connected to form a veneer. These walls were approximately one meter thick at the base, tapering while they ascended to conserve weight - an sign that the levels that are upper planned while the first was being built. While these mosaic-style veneers remain evident today, adding to the dramatic grandeur of these structures, Chacoans plastered many interior and exterior walls after construction was completed to preserve the dirt mortar from water damage. Starting with the building of Chetro Ketl in Chaco Canyon, constructions of this scale needed a massive quantity of three vital materials: sandstone, water, and wood. Employing stone tools, Chacoans mined, sculpted, and faced sandstone from canyon walls, favoring hard and dark-colored stone that is tabular the top of high cliffs throughout early building, then moving as styles changed during subsequent building to softer and bigger tan-colored stone found lower from the cliffs. Water, which had been needed along with sand, silt, and clay to make mud mortar and plaster, was scarce and only obtainable when you look at the form of short and frequently heavy summer thunderstorms.  

Upland, Pennsylvania is located in Delaware county, and has a population of 3326, and is part of the greater Philadelphia-Reading-Camden, PA-NJ-DE-MD metro area. The median age is 32.5, with 17.6% regarding the community under 10 years of age, 11.4% between ten-19 many years of age, 16.9% of town residents in their 20’s, 12.7% in their 30's, 9.5% in their 40’s, 8.5% in their 50’s, 14% in their 60’s, 7.6% in their 70’s, and 1.9% age 80 or older. 50.8% of residents are male, 49.2% female. 33% of residents are recorded as married married, with 10.5% divorced and 49.8% never wedded. The % of citizens confirmed as widowed is 6.8%.

The typical family unit size in Upland, PA is 3.14 household members, with 44.7% being the owner of their own dwellings. The average home appraisal is $113992. For people paying rent, they spend on average $769 per month. 46.8% of homes have 2 sources of income, and a median domestic income of $44503. Average income is $27475. 22.2% of citizens exist at or below the poverty line, and 15% are handicapped. 5.6% of residents are ex-members regarding the military.