Why Don't We Look Into Jobos, Puerto Rico

A Ancient Times Video Program About Chaco National Historical Park (New Mexico)

Lets visit New Mexico's Chaco Culture Park from Jobos. Based from the use of similar buildings by current Puebloan peoples, these rooms had been areas that are probably common for rites and gatherings, with a fireplace in the middle and room access supplied by a ladder extending through a smoke hole in the ceiling. Large kivas, or "great kivas," were able to accommodate hundreds of people and stood alone when not integrated into a housing that is large, frequently constituting a center location for surrounding villages made of (relatively) little buildings. To sustain large buildings that are multi-story held rooms with floor spaces and ceiling heights far greater than those of pre-existing houses, Chacoans erected gigantic walls employing a "core-and-veneer" method variant. An core that is inner of sandstone with mud mortar created the core to which slimmer facing stones were joined to produce a veneer. These walls were approximately one meter thick at the base, tapering as they ascended to conserve weight--an indication that builders planned the upper stories during the original building in other instances. While these mosaic-style veneers remain evident today, adding to these structures' remarkable beauty, Chacoans plastered plaster to many interior and exterior walls after construction was total to preserve the mud mortar from water harm. Starting with Chetro Ketl's building, Chaco Canyon, projects for this magnitude needed a huge number of three vital materials: sandstone, water, and lumber. Employing stone tools, Chacoans mined then molded and faced sandstone from canyon walls, choosing hard and dark-colored tabular stone at the most effective of cliffs during initial building, going as styles altered during later construction to softer and bigger tan-colored stone lower down cliffs. Liquid, essential to build mud mortar and plaster combined with sand, silt and clay, was marginal and accessible only during short and summer that is typically heavy.   There were natural sandstone reservoirs as well as rainwater from the arroyo, which was a flowing stream that carved the canyon and created the Chaco Wash. It then became a mess with a number of ditches. The timber sources which were needed for building the roofs were once abundant, but they disappeared during Chacoan fluorescence due to drought and deforestation. Chacoans walked 80 km to reach the southern and western coniferous forests. They cut down and then dried and peeled them for several hours before returning to the canyon to transport them. It is a huge undertaking, as each tree had to be hauled by dozens of people over many days. This was in addition into the nearly 200,000 trees that were damaged during construction and repair of twelve big homes and kivas that is large. Chaco Canyon's designed landscape. The Chaco Canyon had a level that is high of density, something that wasn't seen in this area before. However, it was only one part of the larger linked region which formed the civilisation in Chaco. Nearly 200 other settlements, with large homes and kivas of the style that is same the ones in the canyon, existed outside the canyon. However they were smaller scaled. These sites are the most common in the San Juan Basin. However, the certain area they covered was larger than that of the English region. Chacoans created a network of roads to link these communities to one another. They dug and levelled the ground below and added steel or storage bays. They were visible in many large homes in the canyon, and they radiate amazingly straight. Chacoans moved to areas to the west, north and south that were less remote, as a total result of Chacoan influence. The persistence of droughts, which lasted well into the 13th Century CE, impeded the creation of an integrated system similar to Chaco's. This generated the dispersion of Chacoan communities for the Southwest. Current Puebloan residents primarily in Arizona and New Mexico see Chaco because their ancestral homeland. This is confirmed by dental records that have been passed down through generations. In the second half the 19th century CE significant vandalism took place in Chaco Canyon. People ripped down house that is large and gained access to their chambers. In 1896 CE archaeological surveys and excavations revealed the extent of the destruction. This led to establishment of Chaco Canyon National Monument (in 1907 CE), which put an end to looting that is illegal allowed systematic archaeological investigations. The monument was renamed and expanded Chaco Culture National Historical Park in 1980 CE. It was added to the UNESCO World Heritage List for 1987 CE. Puebloan descendants can connect to the still place they expanded up in by going back to honor their ancestors' spirits.

The typical family unit size in Jobos, PR is 3.26 residential members, with 84.8% owning their own houses. The average home valuation is $. For people leasing, they pay out on average $439 monthly. 14.9% of homes have 2 incomes, and a median domestic income of $13653. Average individual income is $. % of residents live at or beneath the poverty line, and 31.5% are considered disabled. 0% of residents are ex-members of the armed forces of the United States.

The labor force participation rate in Jobos is 33.2%, with an unemployment rate of 1.6%. For the people when you look at the work force, the typical commute time is 20.7 minutes. % of Jobos’s community have a grad degree, and % have a bachelors degree. For people without a college degree, % attended some college, % have a high school diploma, and just % have received an education not as much as high school. 6.2% are not covered by medical insurance.

Jobos, PR is situated in Guayama county, and has a population of 1897, and exists within the greater San Juan-Bayamón, PR metropolitan area. The median age is 56.5, with 5.8% for the community under ten many years of age, 6.8% between 10-nineteen years old, 4.9% of residents in their 20’s, 12.9% in their 30's, 9.3% in their 40’s, 20.6% in their 50’s, 24.5% in their 60’s, 12.3% in their 70’s, and 2.9% age 80 or older. % of inhabitants are male, % female. % of residents are reported as married married, with % divorced and % never married. The % of citizens recognized as widowed is %.