A Study Of Towanda

The average family size in Towanda, KS is 3.43 household members, with 84.9% being the owner of their own homes. The average home cost is $79561. For individuals renting, they pay an average of $804 monthly. 57% of homes have dual sources of income, and a median household income of $56989. Average income is $30814. 6.9% of citizens are living at or below the poverty line, and 17.3% are considered disabled. 4.5% of inhabitants are veterans of the military.

The Archaeologist Video Program For Anyone Interested In Old Ones

Lets visit Chaco (New Mexico) from Towanda. Based from the use of similar buildings by current Puebloan peoples, these rooms had been areas that are probably common for rites and gatherings, with a fireplace in the middle and room access supplied by a ladder extending through a smoke hole in the ceiling. Large kivas, or "great kivas," were able to accommodate hundreds of people and stood alone when not integrated into a housing that is large, frequently constituting a center location for surrounding villages made of (relatively) little buildings. To sustain large buildings that are multi-story held rooms with floor spaces and ceiling heights far greater than those of pre-existing houses, Chacoans erected gigantic walls employing a "core-and-veneer" method variant. An core that is inner of sandstone with mud mortar created the core to which slimmer facing stones were joined to produce a veneer. These walls were approximately one meter thick at the base, tapering as they ascended to conserve weight--an indication that builders planned the upper stories during the original building in other instances. While these mosaic-style veneers remain evident today, adding to these structures' remarkable beauty, Chacoans plastered plaster to many interior and exterior walls after construction was total to preserve the mud mortar from water harm. Starting with Chetro Ketl's building, Chaco Canyon, projects for this magnitude needed a huge number of three vital materials: sandstone, water, and lumber. Employing stone tools, Chacoans mined then molded and faced sandstone from canyon walls, choosing hard and dark-colored tabular stone at the most effective of cliffs during initial building, going as styles altered during later construction to softer and bigger tan-colored stone lower down cliffs. Liquid, essential to build mud mortar and plaster combined with sand, silt and clay, was marginal and accessible only during short and summer that is typically heavy.   In the arroyo (an water that is occasionally flowing) generated by the canyon, Chaco Wash, and in pond water, to which the rivers are directed by many ditches, rain was gathered in wells and dammed regions, as well as the natural sandstone reservoirs. Timber resources needed for roofing and upper story floor building were formerly rich in the canyon, but were lost to drought or deforestation across the time of the Chacoan fluorescence. As a consequence, Chacoans go 80 km by walking to coniferous woods, chopping down woods and then drying all of them for a long time before returning to the canyon and bringing each other back. This was no little effort since every tree would want to be taken for many days by a team of men and women, and over three hundred many years of building and rehabilitation of approximately tens of large houses and significant locations in the canyon were utilized to build more than 200,000 woods. The Chaco Canyon's Designed Landscape. The canyon was only one tiny part in the heart of a massive linked area that comprised Chacoan culture although Chaco Canyon had a large architectural density of a magnitude that was never seen before at the territory. In addition to the canyon, there were more than 200 settlements with large buildings and large kivas, with the distinguishing that is same style and design as those in the canyon. While they were the largest locations in the San Juan Basin, they included a total of more than England's Colorado plateau. Chacoans have built an complex system of roadways, digging and leveling the underlying ground in order to connect these sites to the canyon and one another, in some instances by adding steel or macerated curbs for support. These streets were usually founded in huge residences in and beyond the canyon and radiate out in astonishingly parts that are straight.   Chacoans relocated north, south and west to towns in less remote areas, reflecting Chacoan influence during this time around. In the 13th century, prolonged droughts prevented the creation of an integrated system similar to Chaco. This led to dispersal of Chacoan communities throughout the Southwest. The descendants of these people, who now live mainly in Arizona and New Mexico today, consider Chaco to be part of their ancestral homeland. This link is confirmed by oral histories that have been passed down through generations. In the second half 19th century CE significant vandalism took place in Chaco Canyon. People ripped down walls that are large gained access to rooms, as well as destroying materials. Archeological surveys and digs revealed the extent of destruction in the canyon in the second half of 19th century CE. This led to the establishment of Chaco Canyon National Monument (in 1907 CE), which ended rampant looting, and allowed systematic archeological investigations. The monument was named Chaco Culture National Historical Park in 1980 CE. It was also listed on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1987 CE. Puebloan descendants keep their connections to this place as a reminder that is living of common last by continuing to honor the spirits of their forefathers. The chacoans that are ancient constructed roads. Straight highways running through desert have been discovered by archaeologists. They run hundreds of miles between Chaco Canyon and Colorado, Utah and Utah. Some roads run from large homes like spokes on a wheel. Others follow natural terrain formations. One theory is that these roads were sacred paths used by pilgrims to get to Chaco Canyon or other wonderful dwellings for ceremonies. Although archaeologists have studied Chaco since late 1800s it remains unclear what Chacoan society looked like. The following things were found at Chaco by archaeologists: ceramics with geometric designs for canteens, bowls or mugs; ladles for cooking, pots and pitchers; mugs and water jars (olla); black colored stone finger rings and turquoise pendants; wooden headdresses and whistles; stone knives and blades; rock staffs and ceremonial staffs; shreds cloth and feathered covers, metates for grinding. Cotton for textiles was also a staple when it comes to Chacoans. The Chacoans hunted and made exquisite pottery to offer as offerings or for domestic purposes. Underground kivas were used to paint murals, while rituals could have involved dancing or music. Chaco traveled hundreds of kilometers to trade turquoise, shells and imported macaws. He also drank chocolate produced in Central The united states.

The labor pool participation rate in Towanda is 63.6%, with an unemployment rate of 4.8%. For those located in the labor force, the common commute time is 25.4 minutes. 5.4% of Towanda’s community have a grad diploma, and 9.5% posses a bachelors degree. For all those without a college degree, 54.1% attended at least some college, 27.3% have a high school diploma, and only 3.6% have an education significantly less than senior high school. 6.7% are not included in medical health insurance.