Why Don't We Examine Wagoner, Oklahoma

The average household size in Wagoner, OK is 3.14 household members, with 55.8% being the owner of their own residences. The average home cost is $106715. For those people paying rent, they pay out an average of $745 monthly. 41.3% of homes have dual incomes, and a median household income of $35250. Average individual income is $21807. 20.5% of inhabitants exist at or below the poverty line, and 26% are considered disabled. 7.6% of residents are former members regarding the armed forces of the United States.

Wagoner-Pueblo Bonito

Lets visit North West New Mexico's Chaco Culture from Wagoner, Oklahoma. Based from the use of similar buildings by current Puebloan peoples, these rooms had been areas that are probably common for rites and gatherings, with a fireplace in the middle and room access supplied by a ladder extending through a smoke hole in the ceiling. Large kivas, or "great kivas," were able to accommodate hundreds of people and stood alone when not integrated into a housing that is large, frequently constituting a center location for surrounding villages made of (relatively) little buildings. To sustain large buildings that are multi-story held rooms with floor spaces and ceiling heights far greater than those of pre-existing houses, Chacoans erected gigantic walls employing a "core-and-veneer" method variant. An core that is inner of sandstone with mud mortar created the core to which slimmer facing stones were joined to produce a veneer. These walls were approximately one meter thick at the base, tapering as they ascended to conserve weight--an indication that builders planned the upper stories during the original building in other instances. While these mosaic-style veneers remain evident today, adding to these structures' remarkable beauty, Chacoans plastered plaster to many interior and exterior walls after construction was total to preserve the mud mortar from water harm. Starting with Chetro Ketl's building, Chaco Canyon, projects for this magnitude needed a huge number of three vital materials: sandstone, water, and lumber. Employing stone tools, Chacoans mined then molded and faced sandstone from canyon walls, choosing hard and dark-colored tabular stone at the most effective of cliffs during initial building, going as styles altered during later construction to softer and bigger tan-colored stone lower down cliffs. Liquid, essential to build mud mortar and plaster combined with sand, silt and clay, was marginal and accessible only during short and summer that is typically heavy.   The rainwater was collected, in addition to the natural sandstone reservoirs in the arroyo (an intermittently floating river), which formed the canyon, Chaco Wash, and in tanks where runoff was diverted via a system of ditches. The timber sources required to build the roofs and the floors that are top formerly present in the canyon and, because to dryness and deforestation, disappeared at concerning the period of the Chacoan fluorescence. Hence, over a walking distance of 80 kilometers, Chacoan traveled to coniferous forests south and west, chopping down trees and then peeling and drying all of them for a long time, before returning and bringing everyone to the canyon. This was not a task that is tiny the transportation of each tree would require a team of men and women on a several-day journey and the construction and reparation of approximately ten big houses and big kiva sites within the canyon for during 200,000 trees over the three centuries. The Chaco Canyon's Designed Landscape. Although Chaco Canyon had large architectural levels of the territory, the canyon was a little section in the center of a vast, linked area forming the Chacoan civilization. Although it was a small piece of canyon. More than 200 villages of big houses and large kivas in the same characteristic style and design as those located in the gorge existed beyond the canyon, although on a smaller scale. Although the sites in the San Juan Basin were the most numerous, the Colorado plateau was larger in all than that of England. Chacoans have built a complicated system of roads by excavating and leveling the underlying terrain, incorporating earthen or brick curves in a few instances, to make them connected to the canyon and one another. These roads were frequently founded in big residences in and above the canyon, extending amazingly straight outwards.   And even though steep forms that are common in South West America, i.e. mesas or buttes, crossed their streets, Chacoans kept the relative lines of the streets instead of building ramps or stairs on the faces. This strategy has a significant drawback. The roads in many cases are unclear and that can be difficult to visit by foot (9 meters) therefore they may serve some symbolic or spiritual purpose, such as leading pilgrims to rituals and other gatherings. To facilitate faster communication between neighboring houses and distant places, large buildings were placed in direct line of sight. Shrines at the tops of the mesas allowed for quicker signalling. Fajada Butte is a prominent presence in Chaco Canyon. To give structure and connection to the Chacoan ecosystem, it is common to align buildings with key seasons like solstices and equinoxes. The wall at the Plaza of the Pueblo Bonito's magnificent Plaza is, for example, oriented to the north and east. It is also located to the west of Chetro Ketl. Casa Rinconada is a large, 19m-diameter kiva located in the Canyon. It has two T-shaped doors that run along the north-south line and two external doors. The external doors tend to be oriented towards the east and west so the rising sun can only pass through them on the day they are equinox.